Throughout this document World Bujutsu Federation is referred to as W.B.F
W.B.F is a World recognised Governing Body and has developed a Child Protection Policy for implementation throughout its member Associations throughout the United Kingdom.

W.B.F recognises the need to make provision for children and young persons, and acknowledges its moral and legal responsibility to ensure that:

• The welfare of the child is paramount

• All children, whatever their age, culture, disability, gender, language, racial origin religious beliefs and/or sexual identity have the right to protection from abuse;

• All suspicions and allegations of abuse will be taken seriously and responded to swiftly and appropriately

• All staff (paid /unpaid) working within our sport have a responsibility to report

A concern to the appropriate officer The Children’s Act 1987 defines a child as a person under the age of 18.

This Child Protection Policy has been accepted by the W.B.F Executive Committee and is mandatory for all W.B.F member Associations / Clubs. W.B.F is committed to working in partnership with all agencies to ensure best practice when working with children and young people, the majority of our membership

Adopting best practice will help to safeguard those participants from potential abuse as well as protecting coaches and other adults in positions of responsibility from any potential allegation of abuse.

This document is binding for our entire member Associations and provides procedures and guidance to everyone in W.B.F, whether working in a voluntary or professional capacity.

Policy Statement

Martial Arts as a sport and pastime has a duty of care to safeguard all children involved in all forms of Martial Arts from harm. All children have a right to protection, and the needs of disabled children and others who may be particularly vulnerable must be taken into account.  WBF will strive to ensure the safety and protection of all children involved in our sport through adherence to the Child Protection guidelines adopted by the WBF Executive Committee. WBF is dedicated to achieving Intermediate standard of Policy.

The policy will be implemented by our entire member Associations and is applicable to all Association Officers, club Instructors and officials as well as all officers and staff of WBF Sport can and does have a very powerful and positive influence on people especially young  people. Not only can it provide opportunities for enjoyment and achievement; it helps to develop and enhance valuable qualities such as self-esteem, leadership and teamwork. We have to ensure that for those positive experiences to take place that sport in the hands of those who have the welfare of young people uppermost in their mind and that we have proper procedures and practices to support and empower them.

Policy aims

The aim of the WBF Child Protection Policy is to promote good practice:

• Providing children and young persons with appropriate safety and protection whilst in the care of Martial Arts clubs and instructors affiliated to WBF.

• Ensure that all incidents of poor practice and allegations of abuse will be taken seriously and responded to swiftly and appropriately

• Allow all staff /volunteers to make informed and confident responses to specific child protection issues.

• The policy recognises and builds on the legal and statutory definition of a child.

• The distinction between ages of consent, civil and criminal liability are recognised but in the pursuit of good in the delivery and management of WBF, a young person is recognised as being under the age of 18 years [Children’s Act 1989].

• WBF recognises that persons above the age of 18 are vulnerable to undue influence by adults in positions of responsibility, for example Junior International athletes aged Under  21years and provision is made for this instance within the WBF World Class programmes Athlete Charter, included as an appendix

• Through WBF implementation plan (attached as an appendix) each of our member Associations will provide a suitably experienced and qualified individual to act as their Child Protection Officer and commit to a series of awareness raising and training seminars and workshops to assist them in fulfilling their role and will use WBF template forms and reporting sheets.

• Confidentiality will be upheld in line with the Data Protection Act 1984, the Human Rights Act 2000 and the WBF Whistle Blower’s Policy (attached as an appendix).

• The Policy will be overseen by the WBF Lead Child Protection Officer, the Chief Executive Officer, and in turn by the WBF Executive Committee through quarterly reporting procedures. Periodic reviews are built into WBF Implementation policy included within the appendices.

Promoting Good Practice with Young People


Child abuse, particularly sexual abuse, can arouse strong emotions in those facing such a situation. Abuse can occur within many situations including the home, school and the sporting environment. It is a fact of life that some individuals will actively seek employment or voluntary work with young people in order to harm them.

A coach, instructor, teacher, official or volunteer may have regular contact with young people and be an important link in identifying cases where a young person needs protection.

All cases of poor practice should be reported to WBF and or relevant authorities following the guidelines in this document.

When a child enters the club having experienced abuse outside the sporting environment, sport can play a crucial role in improving the child’s self-esteem. In such instances the club must work with the appropriate agencies to ensure the child receives the required support.
Good Practice Guidelines

All those involved in Martial Arts should be encouraged to demonstrate exemplary behaviour in order to safeguard children and young people and protect themselves from false allegations. The following are common sense examples of how to create a positive culture and climate within Martial Arts:

Good practice means:

• Always working in an open environment (e.g. avoiding private or unobserved situations  and encouraging an open environment i.e. no secrets).

• Treating all young people/disabled adults equally, and with respect and dignity.

• Placing the welfare and safety of the child or young person first above the development of performance or competition.

• Maintaining a safe and appropriate distance with players (e.g. it is not appropriate to have an intimate relationship with a child or to share a room with them).

• Building balanced relationships based on mutual trust, which empowers children to share in the decision-making process.

• Making sport fun, enjoyable and promoting fair play.

• Where any form of manual or physical support is required, it should be provided openly and in accordance with WBF Club Guidelines

• Keeping up to date with the technical skills, qualifications and insurance within Martial Arts.

• Involving parents/carers wherever possible (e.g. for the responsibility of their children in the changing rooms). If groups have to be supervised in the changing rooms, always ensure parents/teachers/coaches/officials work in pairs.

• Ensuring when mixed teams are taken away, they should always be accompanied by male and female member of staff (NB however, same gender abuse can also occur).

• Ensuring that at tournaments or residential events, adults should not enter children’s rooms or invite children into their rooms.

• Being an excellent role model – this includes not smoking or drinking alcohol in the company of young people.

• Giving enthusiastic and constructive feedback rather than negative criticism.

• Recognising the developmental needs and capacity of young people and disabled adults – avoiding excessive training or competition and not pushing them against their will.

• Securing parental consent in writing to act in loco parentis, if the need arises to give permission for the administration of emergency first aid.

• Keeping a written record of any injury that occurs, along with the details of any treatment given.

• Requesting written parental consent if club officials are required to transport young people in their cars.

Within our coaching portfolios, we make particular reference to children and young people practising together and this guidance in now included here.   Martial Arts Instructors need to understand the added responsibilities of teaching children and also basic principles of growth and development through childhood to adolescence. Exercises should be appropriate to age and build. Instructors should not simply treat children as small adults, with small adult bodies.  There is no minimum age for a child beginning Martial Arts, as the build and maturity of individuals varies so much. However the nature of the class must be tailored to consider these factors. In general, the younger the child, the shorter the attentions span. One hour is generally considered sufficient training time for the average 12 year old or below. Pre-adolescent children have a metabolism that is not naturally suited to generating anaerobic power, and therefore they exercise better aerobically, that is, at a steadily maintained rate. However, they can soon become conditioned to tolerate exercise in the short explosive bursts that more suit Karate training. Children should not do assisted stretching – they generally don’t need to, and there is a real risk of damage with an inconsiderate or over-enthusiastic partner.   Children should be carefully matched for size and weight for sparring practice. Great care must be taken, especially where children train in the proximity of adults, to avoid collision injury.

Children should not do certain conditioning exercises; especially those, which are heavy, load bearing, for example weight training or knuckle push-ups. Children should not do any heavy or impact work but should concentrate on the development of speed, mobility, skill and general fitness.

Responding to suspicions or allegations

It is not the responsibility of anyone working in Martial Arts, in a paid or unpaid capacity to take responsibility or to decide whether or not child abuse has taken place. This is the role of the child protection agencies. However there is a responsibility for all involved in Martial Arts to act on any concerns through contact with the appropriate authorities.

Advice and information is available from the local Social Services Department, The Police or the NSPCC 24 hour Help line 0800800 5000

Practice never to be sanctioned

The following should be avoided except in emergencies. If cases arise where these situations are unavoidable they should only occur with the full knowledge and consent of someone in charge in the club or the child’s parents. For example, a child sustains an injury and needs to go to hospital, or a parent fails to arrive to pick a child up at the end of a session.

Avoid spending excessive amounts of time alone with children away from others.

Avoid taking children to your home where they will be alone with you.
Practice never to be sanctioned

Engage in rough, physical or sexually provocative games, including horseplay
Share a room with a child
Allow or engage in any form of inappropriate touching
Allow children to use inappropriate language unchallenged
Make sexually suggestive comments to a child, even in fun
Reduce a child to tears as a form of control
Allow allegations made by a child to go unchallenged, unrecorded or not acted upon
Do things of a personal nature for children or disabled adults that they can do for themselves
Invite or allow children to stay with you at your home unsupervised

NB. It may sometimes be necessary for staff or volunteers to do things of a personal nature for children, e.g. if they are young or are disabled. These tasks should only be carried out with the full understanding and consent of parents and the players. If a person is fully dependent on you, talk with him/her about what you are doing and give choices where possible. This is particularly so if you are involved in any dressing or undressing of outer clothing or where there is physical contact, lifting/assisting to carry out particular activities. Avoid taking on the responsibility for tasks for which you are not appropriately trained.

Defining Child Abuse

Child abuse is when an adult harms a child or young person. There are four main type of abuse:

Physical abuse:

This includes being hit, kicked, shaken or punched, or given harmful drugs or alcohol.

Emotional abuse:

This includes being called names all the time, being threatened or being shouted at or made to feel small.

Sexual abuse:

This includes being touched in a way you don’t like by an adult or young person, being forced to have sex, or being made to look at sexual pictures or videos. For some disabled children, it includes if a person helping them to use the toilet touched them more than was needed.


Is when a child is not looked after properly, including having no place to stay, or not enough food to eat, or clothes to keep them warm. It also includes if the child is not given medical care when they need it, including medication. For some disabled children, it could include if their carer took away the things they needed for everyday life – like their wheelchair or communication board.  Or not helping a disabled child who needed help using the toilet.


Is also a form of abuse Bullying includes hitting or threatening a child with violence, taking their things, calling them names or insulting them, making them do things they won’t want to do, and deliberately humiliating or ignoring them.


Mrs Joanne Lee

other useful links      - ChildLine is the UK's free and confidential, 24-hour helpline for children in distress or danger.         - Advice for children, parents and schools about dealing with bullying.

WBF martial arts President David Kacperski  07951091811

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